Micro-organisms present in the water gives the water unpalatable taste. Whether direct or indirect, accidental or intentional, pollution of our waterways not only affects animals and plants, but the ecosystem itself. Alkaline substances mixed in polluted water get accumulated in and around taps making them weak. Rogers's more than 10 years in conservation makes her equally at home in the outdoors. Yet, despite the warnings, water pollution continues. The water sometimes contains excess nutrients which causes the excess growth of plants. Currently, he lends his professional expertise to several publications and websites in content planning, commissioning, writing, and editing. When we use the natural resources and exhaust them to the fullest, the homes of many animals are lost during the process. Some of adverse effects of water pollution are as follows: Water pollution adversely affects the health and life of man, animals and plants alike. The excess of magnesium and sulphate in water irritates the intestines. Water pollution can have dire consequences for plants, animals and even ecosystems as a whole. First, they overwhelm and wash away nutrients essential to plant … The factors causing most harm to human health through contaminated water are pathogenic microbes. Fertilizer use has similar impacts. Most water-dwelling animals tend to suffocate or drown on being trapped and unable to swim. Sometimes, when an air pollutant, such as sulfuric acid, combines with the water droplets that make up clouds, the water droplets become acidic, forming acid rain. In some parts of the world, some species are already on the verge of extinction due to water pollution. Excess level of mercury in fish is dangerous especially for small children and pregnant women or nursing women. google_ad_height = 250; Apr 28, 2017 - "How we grow food has enormous effects on the environment - climate change as well as pollution of air, water, and soil." Once in the atmosphere, it undergoes a process called methylation to become the more toxic form, methylmercury. Coastal environments continue to be imperiled by oil spills, killing wildlife and causing millions of dollars in property damage. Where there is a will there is a way essay, Carbon Footprint: Causes, Effects and Solutions, Waste Disposal: Meaning, Facts, Information, Types/Methods, Importance and Solutions, Prevention and Solutions of Soil Pollution, Environmental Problems That Our World is Facing Today, How Plastic Bags are Harmful to Marine Life. He was also a senior editor with Exchange4media group’s real estate magazine 'Realty Plus', and prior to that Consulting Editor with 'Geopolitics', a magazine on defence and strategic affairs. She has grown her own art business through SEO and social media and is a consultant specializing in SEO and website development. Increasing pollution in the sea and oceanic areas has become a threat. Ltd. | 2017 All Rights Reserved. Similarly, the sewage water getting mixed into the water of the rivers, helps in the increase of fungus, algae, bacteria, etc which start to erupt faster. Plants encounter water pollution in the form of runoff and acid rain. The effects of air pollution on plants and animals may be measured by the following factors: (1) interference with enzyme systems; (2) change in cellular chemical constituents and physical structure; (3) retardation of growth and reduced production because of metabolic changes; (4) … Sources are many but the solutions are few. _taboola.push({ Polluted water is like poison for human beings. See more ideas about pollution, water pollution… Soil contamination can also occur, making entire environments unfit for life. By protozoa – Pyorrhoea, dysentery, narcolepsy (epidemic encephalitis), malaria, amoebiasis, and giardiasis. Due to plethora of moss in the polluted water of the rivers, the sun light fails to reach to the depths of the river which affects the growth of aquatic plants in the lack of photosynthesis. -Marion Nestle. Water pollution is a serious threat impacting over 40 percent of U.S. rivers and 46 percent of lakes, according to U.S. Environmental Protection Agency figures. This highly toxic pollutant is responsible for over 80 percent of human fish consumption advisories, affecting over 10 million acres of lakes, by U.S. Geological Survey figures. Long-term exposure to air pollution, for example, can lead to chronic respiratory disease, lung cancer and other diseases. Fertilizer use has similar impacts. In some parts of the world, some species are already on the verge of extinction due to water pollution. Water pollution can demolish an entire society as it is used for almost all purposes. Air pollution comes from many sources such as the smoke stack in a factory, car exhaust, or off gassing from paint or producing plastic . Leptospirosis disease – In addition to organisms that cause disease in our body, various types of toxic substances harm our health reaching our body through water. Polluted water leads to the worst effect on human health. Exposure is high in higher animals than the lower animals such as flies and insects. By definition, habitat is an ecological area that is inhabited by particular animals, plants or other types of organisms. Pesticides in water bodies can cause fish kill and through the decomposition of animal material, lower pH and oxygen levels, unsustainable for life. The situation in underdeveloped countries is even worse where over 80 per cent of the patients are suffering from the diseases born out of polluted water. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), every year due to contaminated water 50 million persons become the victims of death. Effects of Water Pollution on Animals. In children, the excess of nitrate leads to the disease. Neurological damage, liver damage, muscle atrophy and failure to reproduce are just a few of the physical affects of metals. These are wine industry, petrochemical, skin purifier industry, paper industry, fertilizer industry, pharmaceutical industry, and sugar industry. For instance, Kanpur’s leather units have got adversely affected by the use of polluted water of the Ganga. Fish and other aquatic organisms start dying due to lack of oxygen in the polluted water. Copyright 2021 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, All Rights Reserved. The reality of water pollution and […] Unless measures are taken, the very water we drink is in danger. Some effects of pollution are imposing on sea animals is as follows: Waste such as metals, plastics, glass, and radioactive drainage is responsible for the killing of hundreds of sea animals … The failure of plants to grow in turn affects animals and humans dependent on these plants for food and other needs. By bacteria – Diarrhoea, loose motions, paratyphoid, high fever, cholera, whooping cough, gonorrhoea, syphilis, gastroenteritis, dysentery, and tuberculosis. Due to water pollution, the river Ganga which is regarded by Indians as a sacred river in which they take a holy dip to purify themselves has also become highly polluted. It has emerged as one of the most serious environmental threats in India. Around the globe more than 80 per cent of diseases are due directly or indirectly to polluted water. google_ad_slot = "1982849078"; When soil becomes highly polluted, plants fail to grow. Polluted water is also harmful for agriculture as it adversely affects the crops and the soil fertility. The harmful elements found in industrial waste include various chemicals, grease, oil, paint, iron, cadmium, lead, arsenic, zinc, etc. The oil pollutes beaches, water and plant life, which impacts animals in many ways. Based on these, diseases generated by contaminated water are divided into the following main categories: By virus – Jaundice (Yellow Fever), polio, gastroenteritis, common cold, infectious liver Sod, and smallpox. One notable effect of water pollution is depopulation. Water pollution affects our oceans, lakes, rivers, and drinking water, making it a widespread and global concern (Harendra, 2012). The effects of air pollution on plants are widely seen and damage all plants including our food crops and trees. Polluted water makes the life of aquatic organism miserable. The Ministry of Environment and Forest has marked some industries which are mainly polluting the water bodies. Increase in toxic substances. The waterborne diseases are infectious which spread primarily from polluted water. As per an estimate, 13 children die per hour in India, due to diarrhoea caused by contaminated water. High levels of nitrogen, phosphates and phosphorus into waterways can encourage the growth of invasive plants, again setting up a scenario of altered water quality. The effects on sea animals: Water pollution is affecting marine life in many harmful and threatening ways. Water is one of the most utilized natural resources by humans, animals, and plants for survival. Marine pollution is a diversified term. Mercury is the primary cause of contamination in U.S. estuaries and lakes. Pollution of sea water damages the oceanic life. To protect human beings, plants and other life forms, it is urgent to find out the solution of water pollution and collective efforts by individuals, society and the government are required to achieve this aim. Humans are also regularly harmed by pollution. Pollution of water leads to several illnesses. The acid rain can cause immediate plant and animal distress or death in high concentrations. Water pollution has varied and drastic effects on the plant and animal life of our planet. Large amounts of chloride in drinking water deform the spine which becomes snaky and their teeth go yellow, start falling and moreover their hands and feet lose flexibility of the bones and their body deforms. The main toxic elements among them include cadmium, lead, nickel, silver, arsenic, etc. The dangers emanating from water pollution have severely affected humans, animals, and plants. Excessive use of soap, soda, bleaching powder, detergent or acids at home and chemicals in the industries are primarily responsible for water pollution. When deposited in water sources like pond, lakes and oceans, water plants that feed on water animals are affected. Moreover, water pollution can also affect terrestrial animals, particularly because the water coming from rivers and lakes is oftentimes used for irrigating soil and agricultural products. It is due to water pollution, the drinking water becomes smelly and distasteful. }); Copyright White Planet Technologies Pvt. google_ad_width = 300; If the polluted water gets stagnated, it becomes a breeding ground for mosquito and many other parasites which are very common in tropical areas. Both domestic and industrial reasons are contributing to this problem. Effects of Water Pollution. Sewage overflows, legal or not, continue to dump bacteria, parasites, and toxic chemicals into waterways. Higher animals are more susceptible to genetic damages due to radiation. Subscribe to our YouTube … The stress on our water environment as a result of increased industrialization, which aids urbanization, is becoming very high thus reducing the availability of clean water. In the polluted water of the rivers, some aquatic weed as aquatic ferns and water hyacinth start increasing. Biological effects of radiation are generally common to man and animals. About 360 persons per one lakh die in India and over 50 per cent patients getting admitted in hospitals are the patients of water borne diseases. Acid rain destroys the leaves of plants. Chris Dinesen Rogers has been online marketing for more than eight years. Contaminated water is not only unsuitable for drinking but also for agriculture purposes. The affects of these metals vary. Hazardous waste, heavy metals and mercury can damage the health of an ecosystem to a point where it cannot recover. Effects of water pollution on plants and animals. Because oceans are part of the food chain, marine pollution affects a wide spectra of species, including humans. Animals and plants that depend on water for life are the most affected by polluted water. Due to rapid industrialization, water pollution has already reached dangerous levels. Hydrocarbons in the oil spread on the surface of the oceans due to which marine and aquatic organisms do not get the oxygen and they die consequently. The chemicals responsible for the pollution include carbon, sulfur, and nitrogen oxides. Pollution may muddy landscapes, poison soils and waterways, or kill plants and animals. Studies on Drosophila have shown that mutation rates were increased enormously on radiation exposure. Thus, the entire food chain suffers as a result of soil contamination. As per an estimate, almost 2.5 million people in over 34000 villages of India are suffering from cholera. Polluted water being acidic in nature also damages the structure of the pot in which it is stored which results in interruptions in water storage. It interferes with the central nervous system development in the foetuses and young children. Different species of aquatic plants and animals require different levels of water purity.When water quality falls below that those species perish. Many contaminants are known to accumulate in plant and animal tissues. It accumulates in plants and animals, which then become prey to higher predator in the food chain, accumulating in animal tissue. Acid rain occurs when contaminants such as sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide combine with moisture in the air in a process fueled by sunlight. According to a survey in most of the rivers, the amount of oxygen in a litre of water has decreased to 0.1 cubic centimetre only, while this average in 1940 was around 2.5 cubic centimetres. According to the EPA, over 300 million tons of pesticides are used each year, often ending up in waterways, the majority being classified as carcinogens. This may lead to health issues in herbivorous animals who feed on agricultural plants and leftovers. Her past work experience includes teaching pre-nursing students beginning biology, human anatomy and physiology. Many water bodies near urban areas (cities and towns) are highly polluted. The same is true of Yamuna, Gomati, Chambal as well as Jhelum rivers. Ocean and human life is so inextricably interwoven that the effects of marine pollution are drastically visible on human life. Some time ago, the water in the Gomati River in Lucknow had become so polluted and toxic at one time that dead fish floating all through it had become a common scenario. A large amount of sulphide in polluted water is the reason of various respiratory diseases and drinking water contaminated with urea increases intestinal disorder. The effects of water pollution are said to be the leading cause of death for humans and animal across the globe. The result is precipitation with acidic pH levels. Polluted water also negatively impacts the breeding power of aquatic life. google_ad_client = "ca-pub-6070398767421094"; ii) Effects of air pollution on animals Air pollution is a threat to humans, domestic and wild animals through the following ways: • Causes respiratory problems. container: 'taboola-right-rail-thumbnails', Statistics from the Centre for Biological Diversity on the effects of the Deep Horizon spill provides a useful glimpse of the impact of pollution on aquatic life. 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